to present the results of the study and give suggestions to the government, business secter and people to be able to prepare for the Thai being "Longevity society" for tThai people to live a long and happy life , able to maintain economic growth Change the city to help empower people of all ages with health and money security, longevity, have lifelong learning skills and work in an environment that is friendly to people of all ages.l
In the aspect of labor-productivity, Dr. Somkiat Tangkitvanich Chairman of TDRI said the according to the latest data in 2017, there are 9,041 Thai people who have lived longer than 100 years.rThoughout the past six centuries Thai people have an expected life expectancy of 4.4 months per year, resulting Thai people expecting age of 75.3 years. When Thai people born in 2016 will have an average age of 80-98 years . Thai Society tend to have more and more elder age over 100 years in the future.
To prepare for the longevity society Thailanf should adjust the definition of the elderly in developed countries, ie 65 years of age and extend pensioners to extend the working life prolong the savings and practice skills for the future world. Dr. Naririt TDRI scholar, predicted that if the problem is not solved, being an aging society will reduce Thailand economic growth from the previous trend by 0.8% per year.To maintain continuous growth government should have measures to reduce the retirement of people aged 50-59 years and extend the pension along with pulling workers aged 60 years and over into work market, which will solve the problem of economic.ic decreasing growth by about 11%.In addition, if bringing in one hundred thousand more foreign workers per year, it will help solve the problem by another 3.1%, but this option will create other fowlowing problems in the long run.
The more appropriate measures to consider are the reduction of conscription by half, which will solve 6% of the less labor supply problem but the most important is should encourage the private sector to use more machinery and automation and increase the overall production growth rate by creating various innovations and create a new business that is suitable for the longevity society to gether with developing Thai skills to be able to handle the challenge that will occur throughout life time While the government sector should also adjust the motivation for hiring older people to attract more private individuals to increase the opportunity for everyone to work for a living.Create meaning for one's life.Share skills with others and can develop the country to grow further.
In the business adjustment aspect, Dr. Saowaraj, senior scholar of TDRI, stated that Thai economic growth does not need to be reduced even though the amount of labor is reduced. If Thailand accelerates the adoption of automation systems and robots, both in the industrial sector Agriculture and Services, and creating at least 20 new star business , such as elderly care Medicine and aging Products to meet the needs of the elderly and people of various ages In the longevity society, both Thai and foreigners, especially Chinese people and people in neighboring countries that will become older people, to expand large enough market.
Dr. Nadawasi, head of the research group, Puey Ungphakorn Economic Research Institute, which together with TDRI Study of the long-term care insurance system, found that Thai people are ready to pay insurance premiums of around 500-2,000 baht in order to receive services for elderly caregivers visiting home and to have the necessary materials and equipment. The service should be shared by the public, the local government and the community to share to absoreb the risk of one another.F
For the financial preparation issues for longevity., Assoc. Prof. Dr. Worawan Chanchaiwit, Faculty of Economics Khonkaen University and the social security policy advisor, TDRI, we should encourage compulsory and voluntary savings In particular, support for informal workers to enter the same social security system and extend the retirement age to increase the savings period to have enough for future spending.
In the aspect of urban development for people in longevity society. Dr. Sumeth Onkittikul, Director of Research on Transportation and Logistics Policy and Mrs. Savanich, a researcher at TDRI, proposed to have the design of the city management that conducive to people of all ages to use their full potential and empower the elderly aged(Active Aging) by providing public spaces such as parks, museums and libraries that they can walk connecting to public transport and friendly facilities helping the elderly to travel for various activities.Including reduce the speed of the car in the area with many elderly residents to reduce accidents.
Dr. Worawan estimates that in 2027, Thailand will have more than two hundred thousand bed-attached patients. People per year and there are more than 3 hundred thousand patients attached to the house, resulting in a cost of 2.3 hundred thousand per person per year. Thai people should have better health In order to prevent disability that must be attached to the house or bed.